News Release Details

First Study to Evaluate JELMYTO® Use Post-Complete Endoscopic Ablation Reports 69% of Patients were Disease Free at the Time of First Endoscopic Evaluation

May 1, 2023 at 2:00 PM EDT

New Retrospective Study Presented at AUA 2023 Reports Use of JELMYTO in Treating Patients with Upper Tract Urothelial Cancer After Complete Endoscopic Ablation

PRINCETON, N.J.--(BUSINESS WIRE)--May 1, 2023-- UroGen Pharma Ltd. (Nasdaq: URGN), a biotech company dedicated to developing and commercializing innovative solutions that treat urothelial and specialty cancers, today highlights the results of a sub-analysis from the first and largest post-commercial utilization review of JELMYTO (mitomycin) for pyelocalyceal solution presented today at the American Urological Association Meeting 2023 in Chicago, IL. The study titled, “Efficacy and Safety of Mitomycin Gel (UGN-101) as an Adjuvant Therapy After Complete Endoscopic Management of Upper Tract Urothelial Carcinoma Early Experience with UGN-101 for the Treatment of Upper Tract Urothelial Cancer – A Multi-Center Evaluation of Practice Patterns and Outcomes,” is also published in the May issue of The Journal of Urology.

“We are pleased to see that the growing body of real-world evidence supports the use of JELMYTO in a diverse LG-UTUC population,” said Mark Schoenberg, Chief Medical Officer, UroGen. “JELMYTO is a versatile therapy for clinicians trying to manage high recurrence rates of LG-UTUC.”

In the publication, the authors note that UTUC disease recurrence is often detected at the first ureteroscopic evaluation after endoscopic ablation only. Early failure is a drawback for endoscopic ablation alone, which occurs in 40-50% of UTUC patients by three months. The authors report that this may be due to incomplete resection or ablation of the primary tumor for which post-ablation therapy is designed to treat.

UTUC patients in this retrospective study who underwent complete endoscopic ablation followed by JELMYTO were more likely to be disease-free at first endoscopic evaluation than those who underwent chemoablation alone (69% vs. 40%), whereas in the Phase 3 OLYMPUS study of JELMYTO, LG-UTUC patients in the primary chemoablation setting achieved a 59% complete response rate at first endoscopic evaluation.

Response at primary endoscopic evaluation was defined as no visual tumor or negative biopsy. The rate of ureteral stenosis for those in this study who underwent complete endoscopic ablation followed by JELMYTO treatment was 23%. Ureteral stenosis was defined as a condition requiring ureteral stent or nephrostomy, or that would typically warrant stent or nephrostomy. In their publication the authors noted that longer follow-up rate is needed to determine if JELMYTO after complete endoscopic ablation of UTUC will lead to durable disease-free interval.

The limitations of this study include the retrospective design, lack of a control group, the lack of a centralized pathology review, and standardized clinicopathologic assessment. Other limitations include: the assumption that complete endoscopic ablation resulted in complete tumor destruction, though data from early second-look ureteroscopy after endoscopic ablation show in-field recurrences suggesting incomplete tumor ablation; follow-up was short and the interval between surveillance ureteroscopy after initial post-treatment evaluation of surveillance was not uniform amongst centers, which may lead to bias in survivorship data; and tumor size prior to endoscopic ablation was not accounted for in this study and may have biased patients with lower tumor volume to undergo complete endoscopic ablation.

To further explore the full potential of JELMYTO for the treatment of patients with UTUC, investigators are in the process of enrolling the prospective and retrospective uTRACT Registry to capture data in a large-scale, standardized manner to report further on patient outcomes following JELMYTO treatment including longitudinal follow-up.

About UTUC

Approximately 5-7% of urothelial cancer occurs in the upper lining of the kidney, called the calyx and renal pelvis. It could also occur in one or both of the ureter(s), the tubes that lead from the kidneys to the bladder. Cancer in the renal pelvis or ureter(s) is called upper tract. LG-UTUC is usually not very aggressive and is slow to spread but has a high recurrence rate. High-grade UTUC can be more aggressive. It may spread to other parts of the urinary tract, or to other parts of the body.

JELMYTO is approved for the treatment of adults with LG-UTUC, a rare disease managed by endoscopic methods and radical nephroureterectomy. Endoscopic resection and laser ablation attempt to preserve the kidney, though there is a high risk of recurrence that may eventually necessitate removal of the kidney. Although kidney removal is the gold standard for treatment of high-grade UTUC, it may be over-treatment in LG-UTUC, as kidney removal offers similar five-year survival as kidney-sparing procedures but is associated with significant morbidity. JELMYTO is efficacious as a primary chemoablative therapy in patients with LG-UTUC.


JELMYTO® (mitomycin) for pyelocalyceal solution is a mitomycin-containing reverse thermal gel containing 4 mg mitomycin per mL gel indicated for primary chemoablative treatment of LG-UTUC in adults. It is recommended for primary treatment of biopsy-proven LG-UTUC in patients deemed appropriate candidates for renal-sparing therapy. JELMYTO is a viscous liquid when cooled and becomes a semi-solid gel at body temperature. The drug slowly dissolves over four to six hours after instillation and is removed from the urinary tract by normal urine flow and voiding. It is approved for administration in a retrograde manner via ureteral catheter or antegrade through nephrostomy tube. The delivery system allows the initial liquid to coat and conform to the upper urinary tract anatomy. The eventual semisolid gel allows for chemoablative therapy to remain in the collecting system for four to six hours without immediately being diluted or washed away by urine flow.


JELMYTO® is a prescription medicine used to treat adults with a type of cancer of the lining of the upper urinary tract including the kidney called low-grade Upper Tract Urothelial Cancer (LG-UTUC).


You should not receive JELMYTO if you have a hole or tear (perforation) of your bladder or upper urinary tract.

Before receiving JELMYTO, tell your healthcare provider about all your medical conditions, including if you:

  • are pregnant or plan to become pregnant. JELMYTO can harm your unborn baby. You should not become pregnant during treatment with JELMYTO. Tell your healthcare provider right away if you become pregnant or think you may be pregnant during treatment with JELMYTO. Females who are able to become pregnant: You should use effective birth control (contraception) during treatment with JELMYTO and for 6 months after the last dose. Males being treated with JELMYTO: If you have a female partner who is able to become pregnant, you should use effective birth control (contraception) during treatment with JELMYTO and for 3 months after the last dose.
  • are breastfeeding or plan to breastfeed. It is not known if JELMYTO passes into your breast milk. Do not breastfeed during treatment with JELMYTO and for 1 week after the last dose.
  • Tell your healthcare provider if you take water pills (diuretic).

How will I receive JELMYTO?

  • Your healthcare provider will tell you to take a medicine called sodium bicarbonate before each JELMYTO treatment.
  • You will receive your JELMYTO dose from your healthcare provider 1 time a week for 6 weeks. It is important that you receive all 6 doses of JELMYTO according to your healthcare provider’s instructions. If you miss any appointments, call your healthcare provider as soon as possible to reschedule your appointment. Your healthcare provider may recommend up to an additional 11 monthly doses.
  • JELMYTO is given to your kidney through a tube called a catheter.
  • During treatment with JELMYTO, your healthcare provider may tell you to take additional medicines or change how you take your current medicines.

After receiving JELMYTO:

  • JELMYTO may cause your urine color to change to a violet to blue color. Avoid contact between your skin and urine for at least 6 hours.
  • To urinate, males and females should sit on a toilet and flush the toilet several times after you use it. After going to the bathroom, wash your hands, your inner thighs, and genital area well with soap and water.
  • Clothing that comes in contact with urine should be washed right away and washed separately from other clothing.

JELMYTO may cause serious side effects, including:

  • Swelling and narrowing of the tube that carries urine from the kidney to the bladder (ureteric obstruction). If you develop swelling and narrowing, and to protect your kidney from damage, your healthcare provider may recommend the placement of a small plastic tube (stent) in the ureter to help the kidney drain. Tell your healthcare provider right away if you develop side pain or fever during treatment with JELMYTO.
  • Bone marrow problems. JELMYTO can affect your bone marrow and can cause a decrease in your white blood cell, red blood cell, and platelet counts. Your healthcare provider will do blood tests prior to each treatment to check your blood cell counts during treatment with JELMYTO. Your healthcare provider may need to temporarily or permanently stop JELMYTO if you develop bone marrow problems during treatment with JELMYTO.

The most common side effects of JELMYTO include: urinary tract infection, blood in your urine, side pain, nausea, trouble with urination, kidney problems, vomiting, tiredness, stomach (abdomen) pain.

You are encouraged to report negative side effects of prescription drugs to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. Visit or call 1-800-FDA-1088. You may also report side effects to UroGen Pharma at 1-855-987-6436.

Please click here for JELMYTO Full Prescribing Information, including the Patient Information, for additional information and here for the Nephrostomy Administration Guide.

About UroGen Pharma Ltd.

UroGen is a biotech company dedicated to developing and commercializing innovative solutions that treat urothelial and specialty cancers because patients deserve better options. UroGen has developed RTGel® reverse-thermal hydrogel, a proprietary sustained release, hydrogel-based platform technology that has the potential to improve therapeutic profiles of existing drugs. UroGen’s sustained release technology is designed to enable longer exposure of the urinary tract tissue to medications, making local therapy a potentially more effective treatment option. UroGen’s first commercial product JELMYTO (mitomycin) for pyelocalyceal solution, and investigational treatment UGN-102 (mitomycin) for intravesical solution for patients with low-grade non-muscle invasive bladder cancer, are designed to ablate tumors by non-surgical means. UroGen is headquartered in Princeton, NJ with operations in Israel. Visit to learn more or follow us on Twitter, @UroGenPharma.

Forward-Looking Statements

This press release contains forward-looking statements as that term is defined in the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995, including, without limitation, statements regarding additional analysis from the retrospective study of JELMYTO as well as prospective and retrospective data from the uTRACT Patient Registry; the potential of UroGen’s proprietary RTGel technology to improve therapeutic profiles of existing drugs; and UroGen’s sustained release technology making local delivery potentially more effective as compared to other treatment options. These statements are subject to a number of risks, uncertainties and assumptions, including, but not limited to: results from initial reports from the retrospective study evaluating post-approval utilization of JELMYTO in the real-world setting as described in the publication may not be indicative of results that may be observed in future clinical practice and may differ from additional analysis of the data from the study or uTRACT Patient Registry; potential safety and other complications from JELMYTO use in diverse UTUC patient types; and UroGen’s RTGel technology may not perform as expected and we may not successfully develop and receive regulatory approval of any other product that incorporates UroGen’s RTGel technology. In light of these risks and uncertainties, and other risks and uncertainties that are described in the Risk Factors section of UroGen’s Form 10-K filed with the United States Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) on March 24, 2023 and other filings that UroGen makes with the SEC from time to time (which are available at, the events and circumstances discussed in such forward-looking statements may not occur, and UroGen’s actual results could differ materially and adversely from those anticipated or implied thereby. Any forward-looking statements speak only as of the date of this press release and are based on information available to UroGen as of the date of this release.

Vincent Perrone
Sr. Director, Investor Relations
609-460-3588 ext. 1093

Cindy Romano
Director, Corporate Communications
609-460-3583 ext. 1083

Source: UroGen Pharma Ltd.